Themes

carnival: [64 results]

Recording Piece Others themes Sumary
D-001 A10
D-001 A12
D-003 A17 Sanfermines - civil war
D-003 A18 day:
D-010 A01 animals:
D-010 A02 mode of dress
D-010 A03 asking out
D-010 A04 animals:
D-021 A03 Christmas
D-023 A01 nutrition:
D-024 A07
D-026 A05 goatskin
D-052 A04
D-057 A10
D-057 A13 religion:
D-057 A02
D-057 A20
D-062 A04 religion:
D-078 A01
I-001 A08
I-031 A05
I-037 B05 song
IR-003 A05
IR-008 B01
IR-023f B02
M-004 A06 During Carnival, the men would go around houses asking for things and be given cooked pork products. They would dance a lot accompanied by guitar and accordion music.
N-052 A18
N-067 A09 dance
SM-011 A22
I-043 A05
I-036 A11 festivals
I-042 A05
EE-006c A09
EE-006c A06
EE-006c A05
EE-006c A03
EE-006c A01
SN-007b A07
SN-007a A10
I-041 A03 During Carnivalthe children would go from house to house begging. But that has not happened for many years now. The young people of today don’t know about that.
II-111a A06 anecdote They used to go out asking for the “zorro” (fox). They used to collect the eggs from house to house when they went out to ask for things. They still go out to ask for something and then they have a dinner.Anecdote: the response they gave to the priest when he told them that they should also sing in church.The "maskak" used to go out with the face covered or dressed in an ugly way.
II-130b A04 anecdote - dance: During the Carnivals they would do the "Bolant dantzak" and the "maskak". Some would have their faces covered, others would be dressed as women and others dressed as animals. There were also two "gorris" and two "abanderados". Nowadays the "Bolant Dantzak" is done at Easter. He danced after coming back from the war, both at the "gorri" and at the "bolante".The "zapurrak": go with their hatchets in front of the "bolantes" and the "zaldikos";"(little giants)."Atso eta tupinak" (Old women and Pots): one would go dressed up as a woman and the other with a skin on his shoulder and a hat filled with berries. In the square they had to try to get his hat off. (19.12”) How they organized the show so as to try to get the hat off. First the dancers would dance and then with the rhythm of the drums they signalled the time for that part of the fun to begin.
II-130b A06 improvised verse During the day there was verse-singing and "asto-jokoa".(30.30") Verses. (38.50”) On the Tuesday of Carnival week they did the “maskak”. On the Monday the young men would go from house to house begging. On Tuesday they would do a funny sketch on the chores of the house.Since he was a little kid there has always been a custom of celebrating Carnival.
II-130b A08 During Carnival some houses would kill a pig. They would eat well. They would dance and sing accompanied by music.
II-062b A01 dance - clothes: Introduction: Roberto was a “kaxkarot” (traditional dancer) and they speak about dancing.His father was a shoemaker and he also worked at the trade at the same time as he was working on the land. He studied accounting. He was at school until the age of sixteen, but he had to give it up when the war began. He did not go to the war as he stayed in hiding at the time.His father was also a dancer but it was an uncle who taught him, because his father said that what he would do is teach them to work but not to dance. Before the war there were also dancers who danced in the Carnivals. They would go from house to house.(12.50”) The “abanderados” and “gobernantes” would wear a red beret and the rest in white. The clothes and the footwear were white and with red bands around them.Where the name “kaxkarot” comes from. It is no longer used to define the dancers from there. There were fourteen dancing groups and there were also musicians: a kettledrum, a base, a cornet and a clarinet. It was the village band and they were given a special price. How they got the uniforms. As well as coming out in Carnivals, they would also go to dancing festivals. They won the fandango competition.Another time, a man saw them dancing in Carnivals and he brought them to his village fiestas.(21:25") Fandango, arin-arin, kaxkarot martxa...were the dances that they did. They did not dance “jauzis” because the people did not like them very much and so the custom was not there to do it.At that time the girls did not dance. They began later.Later, he learnt other dances. Anyone who has the habit of dancing can learn new ones easily.
II-062b A02 festivals Sunday was always a holiday. In summer they would dance at the village fiestas.In carnival they would have six heifers running loose in the village and they would go into the bars. Some people would get hurt. The fiestas were different. It was necessary to know how to dance well, a lot of wine was drunk, a lot of singing took place…Old songs were sung. The young people nowadays don’t know those songs.While they worked on the shoes both father and son would sing together.The way of life was simpler then. There were more people in the villages.
II-095b A05 In my childhood in Baigorri Carnival used to take place. The young people got dressed up and sometimes you would not recognize them. They did not dress up because they were girls. There were also carts pulled by cows. The young men would go in them with their fancy dress. There was also music but they were accordions and harmonicas, not like the music now. The girls couldn’t dance but some of them would dress up and dance anyway.They would go from house to house with their music asking for things. Later they would all get together for a meal. That used to take place on the Tuesday of Carnival.
I-055 A06 Before the people did not go to the Carnivalin Lantz. They celebrated them in the village. The men would go from house to house asking for things and then they would have a dinner in the bar in the village. The women, however, with the "ilunezkilak" (the night bells) had to go in home.During Fiestas too, when the “holy hour” arrived, for the evening rosary, they had to be at home,(33:30”) Farmhouses.
II-008b A02 festivals The mother of Faustin also knew the “dantza-iauziak”.In Carnival the dancers used to dress in a white shirt and trousers, traditional shoes, a red beret and put colored strips around their waist. They would have a stick in the hand of colored stripes. Bolant-dantza.Characters from the Carnival: zapurrak, two men dressed up as a man and woman, basanderes, the bear, blacksmiths.The Carnival was the only time of year for some diversion. During Fiestas they would dance the classic dances: waltzes, chotis, mazurkas, fandangos and four steps. And then to finish, the dantza-iauziak. To wind up the fiestas, on the third day, they would do the farándula.
X-021a A01 animals: - religion: - religion: Saint John He is an anthropologist and those people are studying the Carnival. It is a difficult job, as each village has its own characters. In the villages of Euskal Herria the customs have been lost to a great extent. But it must be said that Carnivalis something that has been common to most European cities. More than a prelude to Lent, he understands Carnivalas a tradition tied to the land. “Inauteri” (Carnival) and “Aratuste” (?) is a pair. The characteristic of that phase is the pruning. Moreover, the par “mozorro” (fancy-dress) and “zomorro” (insect), as well as fancy-dress, also means “the process of insectization”. The young people go from house to house collecting the cherry, and the cherry in this case was the tithe. With this they made the magic spell: as they had got their cherry in February, the insects would not come in the summer. Society manifested its apprehensions. Although now it is seen as a big party, wine and alcohol also had its magic side to it. The insects have always died in alcohol and so they drank wine with the aim of alienating the pestilences. The mosquitos and the grasshoppers have been the archetypal insects in Europe. On the one hand the plague from the grasshoppers were very bad, and on the other, the mosquitos were the cause of malaria. Even today, in Germany there is a “pestilence tribunal”. The giants are a symbol of hunger, as their stomachs are insatiable. There are also certain dances which have a sense of a pruning process, such as “jorrai dantza”. Consequently, at one time these were customs related to work. And it has to be said, that they became mixed in with religious beliefs.The characters from Ituren and Zubieta carry in their hands both bells and horse tails.These instruments are what the animals use against the insects.In Christianity, Beelzebub has the ethymological meaning of “lord of the flies”.That is to say, that the Devil is related to the flies.(13:16”) The bear: It always comes out in February, a symbol of the end of winter and the arrival of spring. And with his arrival comes that of the gypsies. That is also a very old element.Although the Concilios were against Carnival, the people kept up the customs. Although things changed, they had some ideas very clear: masks, “errain behar” (to have to hide?), “zaldikoak” (in all Europe) and arabs, jews and gypsies. These would be the most important fancy dress costumes for the carnivals. Symmetrically you have the fiesta of San Juan with those of February. The people dress up (become insects) in Carnivaland on the eve of San Juan, and the insects are burnt on the bonfires. These two fiestas complement each other. The carnivals change their calendar dates just like the new moon.He is going to publish a book.(19:10”) Goodbye.
XH-026 A03 masquerades About the carnivals. Characters from the Masquerade of Zuberoa: "txerreroa" (blacksmith), "katua" (cat), "zaldia" (horse), "kantinersa" (barmaid), "zamaltzaina" (flag waver).Characters from the Carnivalof Lantz in Navarra: "Miel Otxin", "zaldia" (horse), "Ziripot".Carnivalof Ituren and Zubieta: The "zanpatzar".Each character has a distinct characterization and all of them can dance very well.
II-132b A01 religion:Lenten Introduction: The carnivals before the war. It was a time of great fun for young people. (02:30”) They would dress up and go with an accordion riding on a donkey and they would go from house to house begging for things so as to have a dinner together. They girls would try to guess who was who and have a laugh at them.They would go inside the houses with the donkey. (06:25”) It was only the young men who would do things; the girls did not participate.The girls were in the kitchens making pastries. The recipe.(09:30”) At that time many kids would make their communion and then go off to work as serving boys or girls. Those who stayed at home would enjoy themselves in a different manner than the young of today: masses, evening prayers, sewing in the sacristy…The young boys would play pelota and they would have to be at home by seven o’clock.The carnival would finish on the Tuesday. Ash Wednesday was the start of prayers for the whole of Lent.
IC-016c A03 In Carnivaltime they would ask for things in the houses and the lads would have a roast. The things they asked for in San Martín was for the musicians. At Carnivaltime it was the girls who gave the presents to the lads. After having lunch the "txatxos".would come out. What "txatxo" and "txatxutu" mean.
N-004 A02 During Franco’s time, the carnival was prohibited. However, they celebrated it anyway. There were two types of fancy dress, black and white. The white ones would go around the houses asking for something with the accordion and they were the good people. The ones dressed in black would carry the animal bells and scare the children. Only the men would dress up in that way.
N-016 A03 The kids between twelve and sixteen years used to dress up in fancy dress and go from house to house asking for presents. The Carnival was better than the village fiestas. Nowadays they want to bring them back but it is different now because the young people have cars and in the old days they never would go outside the village.
N-030 A05 In “Etxebertzeko borda”, an uncle used to play the accordion on Sunday afternoons. They also composed verses. They celebrated carnivals from Sunday to nightfall on Ash Wednesday.
N-028 A01 Carnivals. There were people in fancy dress with “trikitixas” in the school and the children went from door to door asking for “presentes” (gifts of food). All of the costumes were very pretty. On Sunday, there was a lunch for the whole village with “bertsolaris”, and there were bets and raffles.
II-008a A11
II-057a A04 festivals - dance - dance:
II-009b B06
II-009b B08 religion: - nutrition: - nutrition:
II-009b B11 religion:Lenten
II-011a A08 market: - carnival
II-011a A10 market - market: - market: